If my German husband adopts my child, does the child then receive German nationality?
Yes, a child adopted by a German man, who has not yet reached the age of 18 years at the date of the acceptance agreement, will acquire German nationality.
I have been living in Germany for many years. What are the possibilities open to me to acquire German nationality?
Under certain conditions, you are already entitled to naturalisation after 8 years of lawful residence in Germany. For naturalisation, evidence of sufficient proficiency in the German language is required. Further criteria are no criminal record and allegiance to the constitution. In addition, the applicant must provide for his own upkeep and not receive any state support. Furthermore, the previous nationality must be relinquished.
The principle of avoiding multiple nationality still applies. This means that applicants for naturalisation must therefore generally relinquish their previous nationality.
Exceptions to this principle apply to specific groups of persons, such as politically persecuted persons as well as nationals of EU member states (under the condition of reciprocity) or if release from the previous nationality is either legally impossible or not deemed reasonable.
We have been living as foreigners in Germany for many years. Can our child acquire German nationality?
Yes, a child born in Germany can acquire German nationality, even if neither parent possesses German nationality. Here the requirement is that one of the parents has been lawfully resident in Germany for a minimum of 8 years, is an EU citizen entitled to freedom of movement or an equivalent national of an EEC member state, or possesses an EU residence permit or a settlement permit. The child of foreign parents, who has acquired German nationality by birth, possesses the nationality of its parents at the same time. On reaching his/her 18th birthday, he/she must then decide on one of the nationalities (option obligation). If German nationality is decided on, then the other nationality must have been relinquished not later than by his/her 23rd birthday. If he/she decides on the other (foreign) nationality, then German nationality will be lost. The latter also applies if the child allows this period of time to expire (on their 23rd birthday) without making a decision in this regard.
Our child has possessed since birth another nationality in addition to German nationality. Does the child have to decide later on one of the two nationalities?
No, if the child has automatically acquired two nationalities at birth, then a later decision between the two nationalities is not required. From a German perspective, the child possesses a permanent dual nationality.